The East Gloucestershire Railway was formed in 1861 to link Witney to Cheltenham, via Fairford. This proposal had to be restricted
to the 14 mile stretch between Witney and Fairford which was opened on January 15th 1863. In 1890 the East Gloucestershire
Railway and Witney Railway (to Oxford) was absorbed into the GWR, the link to Cheltenham never being completed.
The initial timetable consisted of 4 passenger trains and two goods trains working each way on weekdays and by 1912 there were six
passenger trains. At first there were 7 intermediate stops between Oxford and Fairford, Kelmscott & Langford was added in December 1907,
Cassington Halt in March 1936 and Carterton in October 1944. The branch became very important during the Second World War carrying
munitions and troops with the proximity of seven major airfields with the railway crossing two of the Brize Norton taxiways.
After the war in the 1950s there was a gradual decline in traffic on the branch back to four trains weekdays only which culminated
in the closure of the railway on 18th June 1962. The last public train running on the June 16th. There is an industrial estate on the site
of Fairford railway station now but there are still remains of the line marked by bridges.